mania

mania [mā′nē ə, mān′yə]
n.
[ME < LL < Gr, madness < mainesthai, to rage < IE base * men-, to think, be mentally excited > MIND]
1. wild or violent mental disorder; specif., the manic phase of bipolar affective disorder, characterized generally by abnormal excitability, exaggerated feelings of well-being, flight of ideas, excessive activity, etc.
2. an excessive, persistent enthusiasm, liking, craving, or interest; obsession; craze [a mania for dancing]
SYN.- MANIA in its basic sense (see definition above) describes the phase of bipolar affective disorder that is distinguished from depression; DELIRIUM denotes a temporary state of extreme mental disturbance (marked by restlessness, incoherence, and hallucinations) that occurs during fevers, in alcoholic psychosis, etc.; FRENZY, not used technically in psychiatry, implies extreme emotional agitation in which self-control is lost; HYSTERIA is applied in psychiatry to certain psychogenic disorders characterized by excitability, anxiety, sensory and motor disturbances, and the involuntary simulation of blindness, deafness, etc. In extended use, MANIA suggests a craze for something [a mania for surfing ], DELIRIUM, rapturous excitement [a delirium of joy ], and HYSTERIA, an outburst of wild, uncontrolled feeling [she laughed and cried in her hysteria]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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